On which assumption is portfolio assessment based?

A. Portfolio assessment is dynamic assessment.

B. Assessment should stress the reproduction of knowledge.

C. An individual learner is inadequately characterized by a test score.

D. An individual learner is adequately characterized by a test score.

Option A, because portfolio assessment is a process of gathering multiple indicators of student progress to support the achievement of course objectives in a dynamic, ongoing and collaboration process.

Which is a characteristic of an imperfect type of matching test?

A. An item may have no answer at all.

B. The items in the right and left columns are equal in number.

C. An answer may be repeated.

D. There are two or more distracters.

Option A. If you construct whatever type of test, there should be a correct answer. Options B, C and D are all characteristics of a good Matching Type of test.

Which is included in item analysis?

A. Determining the percentage equivalent of the cut-off score.

B. Identifying the highest score.

C. Determining the cut-off score.

D. Determining the effectiveness of distracters.

Option D. If a teacher will conduct an item analysis, he/she should know the difficulty of an item, discrimination of an item, and the effectiveness of the distracters.

The criterion of success in teacher Leo’s objective is that “the pupils must be able to spell 90% of the words correctly “Ana and 19 others correctly spelled 40 words only out of 50. This means that Teacher Leo ** _**.

A. attained her objective because of her effective spelling drill

B. attained her lesson objective

C. failed to attain her lesson objective as far as the twenty pupils are concerned

D. did not attain her lesson objective because of the pupil’s lack of attention

Option C, because the students did not meet Teacher Leo’s mastery level set, which is 90%. As far as the 20 students are concerned, they attained only 80% mastery level, and it is 10% below the mastery level set by the teacher.

When points in the scatter gram are spread evenly in all directions, this means that ** _**.

A. The correlation between two variables is positive.

B. The correlation between two variables is low.

C. The correlation between variables is high.

D. There is no correlation between two variables.

Option C, because the scatter gram of two variables without correlation is scattered in all directions in the Cartesian coordinate system.

Which applies when the mean are equal?

A. The distribution of the scores is concentrated.

B. The distribution of the scores is widespread.

C. The distribution of the scores is identical.

D. The distribution of the scores are not necessarily identical.

Option C, because the mean of two distributions of scores are equal if the scores are identical.

Robert Joseph’s raw score in the Mathematics class is 45, which is equal to 96th percentile. What does this mean?

A. 96% of Robert Joseph’s classmates got a score higher than 45.

B. 95% of Robert Joseph’s classmates got a score lower than 45.

C. Robert Joseph’s score is less than 45% of his classmates.

D. Robert Joseph’s score is higher than 96% of his classmates.

Option B. The statement can be transformed in this way P = 45. This means that there are 96% of those who look the exam in mathematics got the scores lower than Robert Joseph score which is 45.

Which is/are a norm-referenced statement/s?

A. Danny performed better in spelling than 60% of his classmates.

B. Danny was able to spell 90% of the words correctly.

C. Danny was able to spell 90% of the words correctly and spelled 35 words out of 50 correctly.

D. Danny spelled 35 words out of 50 correctly.

Option A, because in norm-referenced statements, you are comparing the performance of a certain student with the performance of other student/s.

What type of validity is needed for a test on course objectives and scopes?

A. Content

B. Concurrent

C. Criterion

D. Construct

Option A, because in content validity, it is a validation that refers to the relationship between a test and the instructional objectives. It establishes the content so that the test measures what it is supposed to measure.

The sum of all the scores in a distribution always equals ** __**.

A. the mean times the interval size.

B. the mean divided by the interval size.

C. the mean times the N

D. the mean divided by N

Option C, because the sum of all the scores is equal to the product of the mean and the number of scores (N) Formula: Mean = Summation of Scores/ N.