Riza loves solving Physics problems frequently because she enjoys them and finds them challenging. What kind of motivation does Riza manifests?
C. Intrinsic motivation refers to behavior that is driven by internal rewards. In other words, the motivation to engage in a behavior arises from within the individual because it is intrinsically rewarding. Extrinsic motivation refers to behavior that is driven by external rewards such as money, fame, grades, and praise.
Arnold who has developed feelings of self-worth, confidence, competence and achievement is considered by Abraham Maslow to be already satisfying the ___________ needs part of
D. love and belongingness
A. At the fourth stage of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, esteem needs refer to the need for respect, self-esteem, and self-confidence. Esteem needs are the basis for the human desire to be accepted and valued by others.
When a familiar person greeted you at a birthday party, but you felt awkward because you cannot remember how exactly you met the person. Fortunately, your best friend was there to describe that past event where and when you met. Then, everything flashes back and you remember everything clearly. What memory retrieval technique was used in the given scenario?
D. Visual Imagery
A. Context is when the person tries to remember the context or situation to help him recover the information.
Liza went to a grocery store, but then she later realized that she left the shopping list at home. According to the serial position effect, the items on the list Liza would MOST LIKELY recall is/are:
A. at the beginning of the list
B. in the middle of the list
C. at the end of the list
D. A and C
D. In the Information Processing Model, serial position effect is the tendency of a person to recall the first and last items in a series best, and the middle item worst.
Last song syndrome (LSS) happens when you cannot sing any other songs because more recent and popular song keeps on playing in your mind. Based on Information Processing Model, this happens because new information is blocking out old information. This phenomenon is known as ___________.
A. Memory decay
B. Proactive interference
C. Retroactive interference
B. Operant Conditioning was a theory popularized by BF Skinner. For him, the major influence on human behavior is learning from our environment which can either be reinforcing or punitive.
When Kohler placed bananas outside and above the cage of Sultan the gorilla, Sultan responded with clever ways of reaching the banana. This experiment led to the discovery of the theory known as
A. Insight learning
B. latent learning
C. social learning
D. meaningful reception learning
A. Insight learning, developed by Wolfgang Kohler, is the abrupt realization of a problem’s solution. This is synonymous to “anal moments”, “eurekal” and epiphany.
According to Albert Bandura, which of these factors is MOST likely to increase self-efficacy?
A. verbal persuasion
B. vicarious experiences
C. increased emotional arousal
D. performance accomplishments
D. Psychologists Albert Bandura has defined self-efficacy as one’s belief in one’s ability to succeed in specific situations or accomplish a task. The more accomplishments the person has attained, the higher the sense of self-efficacy.
The entire class of Mrs. Gretchen became quiet after Lucy got rewarded with 5 stars for consistently behaving well. When good behavior is increased by simply watching the behavior of others being reinforced, this is known as:
B. Direct reinforcement
C. Vicarious reinforcement
D. Vicarious punishment
C. According to Bandura, vicarious reinforcement is our tendency to repeat or duplicate behaviors for which others are being rewarded.
Which of the following is an example of observational learning?
A. Little Rita was spanked for grabbing her brother’s food without permission.
B. Grade 3 pupils of Mrs. Tuviera were not dismissed until they were all quiet.
C. Chenessa wore clothes styled like those of Anne Curtis and Marian Rivera.
D. A piano student becomes proficient at a new piece of music through constant practice.
B. Observational learning is learning that occurs through observing the behavior of others. Albert Bandura states that learning takes place when one person observes and then imitates the behavior of others. Chenessa most probably saw those celebrities’ fashion styles and she imitated them.
How can a teacher help students with different learning styles learn more effectively?
A. Do lectures frequently
B. Give ice breakers during class
C. Use graphic organizers
D. Vary the class activities
D. It is through varying the class activities frequently that the different learning styles and thinking styles of diverse students are addressed.