Michelle wants to commit herself to the lifetime work and mission of a teacher. Using extrinsic motivational assessment, what could be the noblest motive of her chosen profession?
A. Economic security and welfare
B. Promise of higher rank and prestige
C. Respected position in society
D. Social service to upcoming generations
C. Options A and B options are not so noble as they are somehow based on self-vested interest. Option D is the noblest but it is NOT extrinsic. Option C is noble and manifests extrinsic motivation. Teachers are highly regarded and honored in the community.
When Teacher Joyce utilize differentiated instruction and multilingual education as she deemed these to be most effective in her class. Which type of class setting is she MOST LIKELY in?
A. SPED class
B. multicultural class
C. multi-grade class
D. preschool class
B. Differentiated instruction can be applied in most types of settings. However, multi-lingual instruction is applicable only to class setting where children speak different languages or have varying cultural backgrounds.
Katniss has reached the age wherein similar to her peers, she tries to know herself more, discover her interests and passion, and so as her sexuality. Based on Erikson’s Psychological Theory, what critical stage does Katniss belong?
B. Early Childhood
C. Middle and Late Childhood
D. The fifth stage in Erikson’s Psychological Theory is identify vs. role confusion, and it occurs during adolescence, from about 12-18 years. During this stage adolescence search for a sense of self and personality identity, through an intense exploration of personal values, beliefs and goals.
Joey, seven-year old girl, knows how to arrange objects or things according to weight, shape, color or size. Joey as a young learner has already developed which concept according to Jean Piaget?
D. During Concrete Operational Stage, which occurs from age 7-12, the child shows increased use of logic or reasoning. One of the important processes that is developed is Seriation, which refers to the ability to sort objects or situations according to any characteristics, such as size, color, shape, or type.
In Piaget’s Cognitive Development, when a mother explains to the child that “cats, unlike dogs, do not bark,” the child is in the process of creating a new cognitive structure. What term did Piaget used to describe the child’s cognitive experience?
A. In Piaget’s definition, accommodation happens when the existing schema (knowledge) does not work, and needs to be changed to deal with a new object or situation.
Erikson has emphasized the importance of developing the child’s autonomy, or else, the child might develop shame and doubt of oneself. Which of the following situation indicates autonomy in the learning environment?
A. Students achieve high grades.
B. Students having high responsibility for own learning.
C. Students have high bonding or relatedness in school.
D. Students contribute to warm and friendly school atmosphere.
B. Autonomy, according to Erikson is when the child does things on his own, such as putting on clothes and shoes, playing with toys, etc. The term also refers to the child’s “sense of independence”. Option A pertains to Industry vs. Inferiority. Option C and D would relate to identify vs. Role Confusion.
What is the very psychological principle or purpose of employing multi-cultural instruction?
A. achieve high standards
B. develop cognitive skills
C. recognize individual differences
D. promote motivation in learning
C. Multicultural instruction refers to any form of education or teaching that incorporate the histories, texts, values, beliefs, and perspectives of people from different cultural backgrounds. At the classroom level, teachers may modify or incorporate lessons to reflect the cultural diversity of the students in a particular class.
Depending on the person’s dominant intelligence, an individual would have a different concept of what is beautiful. Basing on Howard Gardner’s MI Theory, which example is considered beautiful by the spatially intelligent learners?
A. Computer encoding
B. Case study writing
C. Landscape designing
D. News reporting
C. Landscape designing requires intelligence in visual-spatial arts. Computer encoding is for mathematical-analytical (if referring to coding programs) or bodily kinesthetic (if pertaining to the actual physical encoding). Case study writing is for either verbal-linguistic or intrapersonal. News reporting is for verbal linguistic.
Of the following human needs, which is considered as the most basic needs for human growth and maturation based on Maslow’s hierarchy of needs?
A. Healthy and safety
B. Peace and comfort
C. Recognition and prestige
D. Self-fulfillment of potential
A. In Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, health or physiological needs (such as food and water) are the most basic needs found at the base or bottom of the pyramid. This is followed by the safety and security needs (such as home and shelter).
The following are components of the definition of special education, EXCEPT:
A. individually planned instruction
B. systematically implemented instruction
C. well-discriminated disabilities
D. personal self-sufficiency
C. Heward of 2003 defined Special Education as individually planned, systematically implemented, carefully evaluated instruction to help exceptional children achieved the greatest possible personal self-sufficiency and in present and future environments