Students who learn best through watching film, seeing pictures or any graphic display, and creating picture memory belong to __________ type of learner.
C. Visual Iconic
D. Visual Symbolic
C. An Auditory learner learns by hearing and listening. A tactile learner learns by touching and doing. A visual learner learns by reading text or seeing pictures. Those visual learners who prefer to read texts are known as visual symbolic: whereas, visual learners who prefer seeing films and pictures are visual iconic.
This type of learner often makes decisions based on intuition, is spontaneous, creative, risk-taker, and non-linear thinkers. He sees the forest before the tress. He enjoys working in groups. This type of learner is known as ____________.
B. The Global learners benefit by seeing the end result, the whole picture, the goal they are reaching for. The Analytical learners are students who break the project into pieces, figure out how to do each part, and figure out how it all fits together. Auditory and Visual are known as sensorial learning styles which means either the learners prefer to hear, see or do during the learning process.
Which of the following is an example of positive reinforcement?
A. Giving Ben money for washing the dishes.
B. Spanking Ana for throwing trash on the street
C. Taking away the lollipop if Suzie doesn’t finish her homework.
D. Excusing Rice from cleaning the toilet because he got high score in Math.
A. Positive reinforcement is adding something pleasant or desirable (candies, stars, prizes, money, hug). Option A is an example of positive reinforcement. Option B is positive punishment. Option C is negative punishment. Option D is negative reinforcement.
What makes operant conditioning different from classical conditioning?
A. In operant conditioning, reinforcement is presented before the subject responds
B. In operant conditioning, reinforcement is presented only when the subject responds
C. In operant conditioning, reinforcement is presented whether or not the subject responds
D. In operant conditioning, reinforcement is paired and presented with an unconditioned stimulus
B. Classical conditioning is centered on association or the pairing of a stimulus to a response whereas, operant conditioning focuses on the giving of reinforcements or punishments after the person’s behavior which can either desirable or undesirable.
If you can manipulate the environment, you can manipulate behavior. This is the very philosophy of Skinner in his theory called ____________.
A. Classical conditioning
B. Operant conditioning
C. S-R bond
D. Reflex conditioning
B. Operant Conditioning was a theory popularized by BF Skinner. For him, the major influence on human behavior is learning from our environment which can either be reinforcing or punitive.
Anita hate main subject because when she was in her primary grade, she could never forget how her teacher humiliated and punished her in class for getting a low test score. Learning to associate Math with fear or phobia is best explained by the concept of behaviorism authored by _____________.
A. BF Skinner
B. Edward Thorndike
C. Ivan Pavlov
D. John Watson
D. John Watson explained the concept of fear, phobia and love through his experiment with little Albert (8-month old baby orphan). In the experiment. Little Albert developed phobia (irrational fears) with white rats and other white furry objects after the presence of rats was associated with a very loud upsetting sound (hitting the metal bar).
Ausubel proposed the use of an educational tool or a mental learning aid that help student’s integrate new information with their existing knowledge, leading to “meaningful learning as opposed to rote memorization.” These mental learning aids are known as ______________.
A. advance organizers
B. metacognitive charts
C. mental maps
A. David Ausubel’s idea of an “advance organizer” is to relate what a student already knows to the new content to be learned which increase retention.
Who is considered as the father of modern educational psychology?
A. Edward Thorndike
B. Ivan Pavlov
C. Jean Piaget
D. Sigmund Freud
A. Thorndike was first educational psychologist. That is, he was the first person to bring together what psychologists had studied about the human mind works and what educators knew about how to teach. This is the main reason for him being called the father of modern educational technology.
Learning is a product of the relationship between stimulus and response – the stronger the bod, the greater the learning. This concept is based on the theory of _____________.
D. social learning
B. Connectionism is also known as S-R (Stimulus-Response) Bond Theory, developed by Edward Lee Thorndike. Thorndike’s view, learning is the result of associations forming between stimuli and responses. Such associations or “habits” become strengthened or weakened by the nature and frequency of the S-R pairings.
Children of his age are very famous for negative behavior such as they constantly say “no” to everything and throw temper tantrums which make it difficult for the parents to deal with them.
A. 1year old
B. 2 years old
C. 3 years old
D. 4 years old
B. Two-year-old undergo major motor, intellectual, social and emotional changes. Most 2-year-olds aren’t able to clearly communicate their needs or control their feelings despite that they are developing swiftly in most aspects. This leads to frustration, misbehavior and tantrums. Parents call this phase as “terrible twos.”