Blind cyclist and teacher Maria Bunyan won 8th place in the able-bodied Sydney 2000 Olympics. Of the following, which is the central and fundamental quality she displayed by never thinking that blindness is an impediment to becoming a great athlete?
A. Self-belief is thought to be the way that you feel about your skills, abilities, looks and behaviors. This is related to the concept of Self-Efficacy by Albert Bandura which is defined as a person’s perception of their ability to reach a goal. Maria Bunyan possesses high self-belief or self-efficacy that made her reach her goal despite her physical disability.
What is the initial knowing process learned by the individual that revolves around practical problem-solving?
D. In practical problem-solving activities, the learners must learn to think first.
Racquel, a 2-yr. old girl, has manifestations of special needs. Her parents decided to put her under Early Intervention Program. Under special education, what is mainly addressed by early intervention program for children with disabilities, ages 0 to 3 years old?
A. Early growth developing lag
B. Ensuring inclusion for special children
C. Preventing labelling of disabled children
D. Identifying strengths and weaknesses in special children
A. Early intervention is a systematic program of therapy, exercises and activities designed to address developmental delays or lag that may be experienced by children with disabilities.
Who is best equipped to lead in the formulation of an Individual Educational Plan for Special Children?
A. Child therapists
B. Child psychologists
C. Parents of special children
D. Special education teachers
D. Child therapists, child psychologists, and parents may be part in the development of the IEP (Individual Education Plan) for special children. However, the Special Education Teacher must take the lead in the formulation, development and Implementation of the IEP.
Which theory highly regards the adaption of teaching methods and strategies to the learner’s biological and developmental set of characteristics?
A. Learning Style Theory
B. Emotional Intelligence Theory
C. Reading Readiness Theory
D. Multiple Intelligence Theory
A. Rita Dunn made an argument that “learning style is a biologically and developmentally imposed set of characteristics that make the same teaching method wonderful for some and terrible for others” (Dunn and Griggs 1998, 3). Hence, teaching methods must fit to the children’s different learning styles.
Based on Erikson’s Psychological Theory of Development, which of the following statements does NOT speak about initiative vs. Guilt?
A. People can be trusted.
B. I am prepared to take a risk.
C. In difficulty, I will not give up.
D. I feel what happens to me is the result of what I have done.
A. Children who are successful at this stage, Initiative vs. Guilt, capable, responsible and independent, and are able to lead others and bravely explore and experiment with the world around. Options B, C and D hold true to this stage. Option A is related to the first stage of Psychological Theory, Trust vs. Mistrust
In the hierarchy or scientific knowledge, what are sets of facts, concepts and principle that describe underlying mechanism that regulate human learning, development and behavior?
C. Theories are set of facts, concepts, and principles that organize multiple findings and allow for description and explanation. Examples: Piaget’s theory of cognitive development. Erikson’s theory of socioemotional development at Skinner’s theory of operant conditioning
In cognitive learning, this term refers to firmly established and thoroughly tested principles or theories.
D. Laws are firmly established, thoroughly tested, principle or theories. A fact is an idea or action that can be verified. Concepts are rules that allow categorization of events, places, people ideas, etc. Hypotheses is an educated guide about what will be found in a scientific study.
Gabby loves to do activities involving visual-spatial skills. If he were to experience the following meaningful learning activities, which of these would he LEAST likely choose?
A. Constructing dioramas
C. Reflective activities
D. Art projects
C. Options A, B, and D are all tapping the visual-spatial intelligence. Option C, Reflective activities, is mitting for people with high intrapersonal or existentialist intelligence.
Tina, whose verbal linguistic intelligence is high, would enjoy in most of the following meaningful learning activities, EXCEPT:
B. Ecological field trip
C. Journal writing
B. Options A, C, and D are all tapping the verbal-linguistic intelligence. Option B, Ecological Field Trip, is fitting for naturalist people.