Rita is 86 years young. She continues to learn phrases in new languages, she writes poetry, and she enjoys going to museums to see the latest up-and-coming artists. These examples of her adaptive capacities demonstrate:
A. chronological age
B. biological age
C. psychological age
D. social age
C. John Santrock, in his varying conceptions on age, defines psychological age as an individual’s adaptive capacities compared with those of other individual of the same chronological (number of years) age.
One of John Dewey’s popular words is “An ounce of experience is better than a ton of theory,” which implies that teachers must emphasize ___________.
A. the need for theory
B. the need for experience
C. the primacy of theory
D. the primacy of experience
D. John Dewey, being a progressivist and experientialist, emphasizes that experience must be given prime importance next to theory, especially in teaching. It is an actual teaching experience that one teacher is able to sharpen her competence.
Teacher Fredo requires his students to work on a physical model of a DNA structure after their lesson on genetics in Biology class. Which of the students’ multiple intelligences is tapped by the given learning experience?
D. Building models that involves weighing, organizing, and measuring with precision and accuracy is one of the many activities that logical-mathematical individuals would truly enjoy.
Leana, a 7 year old girl, was asked by her teacher to tell which is greater between 3 and 4. Leana has to count on her fingers for her to answer. What condition is afflicting Leana based on her response?
B. Difficulty in doing simple math may be a sign of special condition known as Dyscalculia, which is under the category. Learning Disabilities. This condition is primarily neurological.
Kenneth, a senior high school student, lets his classmate copy his assignment so that he will become his friend. With the given situation, what stage of moral reasoning does Kenneth belong?
A. Good boy/nice girl
B. Law and Order
D. Social Contract
A. In stage 3, Social Approval or Good Boy/Nice Girl orientation, the individual pleases other people to earn their acceptance. Kenneth giving favors to his classmate would lead to his classmate thinking that Kenneth is nice and a true friend.
Research confirms that student’s motivation is affected by his/her socio-cultural background. Which of the following observations affirms this finding?
A. Girls mature earlier than the boys.
B. Brains of the males function better than those of the females.
C. Children of low-income household meet more obstacles in learning.
D. Genetic endowments may show gifted endowments among the young.
C. Option C talks about low-income household which is part of socio-cultural dimension. Options A, B, and D touch the biological dimension.
Which of the following ways can new information be made more meaningful to students?
A. Valuing new knowledge
B. Increasing retention of new knowledge
C. Demonstrating novelty of new knowledge
D. Relating it to knowledge they already know
D. According to Information Processing Theory, meaningful learning is making connections between new information and prior knowledge.
In Immanuel Kant’s words, “Experience without theory is blind, but theory without experience is a mere intellectual play. “What does he try to tell the teachers?
A. One can stand without each other.
B. Experience is more important than theory.
C. Theory is more important than experience.
D. Theory and experience must go hand-in-hand.
D. The quote emphasizes the importance of both theory and experience in the teaching profession. That they must go hand in hand. Without theory, experience would be meaningless. Without experience, theory remains to be just an idea – no action; hence, pointless. Teachers must be equipped then with theoretical knowledge followed by experience or practical application of theories.
Social behaviorists and social cognitivists believe that learning is influenced by social interaction and interpersonal relations. With this in mind, a teacher must ___________.
A. give more independent study
B. make students work collaboratively
C. make students feel good about themselves
D. motivate students to reflect on how they learn
B. Collaborative activities allow social interactions and build interpersonal relations among students which will result to a better and more meaningful learning.
Mrs. Villaver gave her students in class newspapers. She told the students to pick any article or news that they are interested to read and report later in the big group. What effect of learning is manifested based on the given scenario?
A. Allowing different interests
B. Changing attitudes and feelings
C. Encouraging participation
D. Reinforcing learning
A. The teacher gave the students freedom of choice based on individual interest, which is a good teaching practice in the 21st century.